What Is Emsculpt? Here's Everything You Need to Know About the Body-Contouring Treatment
Dermatologists break down the new technology.
COURTESY OF ROBERT WEISS, M.D.
It simply sounds too good to be true: Emsculpt uses high-intensity focused electromagnetic energy to trigger what's called supramaximal contractions (the kind that cannot be achieved by voluntary muscle action). It's cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for the "improvement of abdominal tone, strengthening of the abdominal muscles, development of firmer abdomen, [and] strengthening, toning, firming of the buttocks." Oh, and there's no downtime. Of course.
It's the most recent device to enter the faddish nonsurgical fat-reduction fold. This category — which boasts veteran fat-freezer CoolSculpting, fat-melting lasers like SculpSure, and now the newcomer Emsculpt — is positively exploding, experiencing a near-25 per cent boom in the last year alone, according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. These technologies, it's worth noting, are intended to act as supplements to active, healthy lifestyles — not substitutes for mindful eating or regular exercise. And people are obsessed.
COURTESY OF ARASH AKHAVAN, MD, FAAD
Most taken with such procedures are women in the 35-to-50 age range — aka me. While I've always managed to stay slim-ish without a ton of effort (Pringles for dinner and a dormant NYSC membership were hallmarks of my 20s), two kids and a 40th birthday can change a gal. Today, my diet would qualify as relatively carb-conscious and clean — a Pringle hath not crossed these lips in quite some time — and I spin almost every day. I feel stronger. But there are aspects I'd like to tighten up. Which is precisely why these body-shaping tools are ruling the noninvasive realm.
What sets Emsculpt apart from the pack is its duality: It not only implodes fat cells (for a 19 percent loss after four treatments), but simultaneously builds muscle fibers (by roughly 16 percent) for more defined abs and rounder rear-ends. One company-sponsored study even reported a 10 percent reduction in diastasis recti, the abdominal separation that occurs commonly in pregnancy. (Tummy tuck surgery can correct the problem completely.)
Emsculpt essentially causes 20,000 muscle contractions in 30 minutes.
And, so, one 90-degree September morn, I met with a board-certified dermatologist, Arash Akhavan, at his practice, the Dermatology & Laser Group in New York City. He immediately appealed to my skeptical side by revealing that he initially thought Emsculpt "sounded very bogus," and was like, "This is crazy; get this thing out of here." Only after reviewing the company's seven clinical studies with accompanying before-and-afters, debating the science with esteemed peers, and hooking himself up to the device multiple times (and seeing real results in a matter of days) was he impressed enough to offer the treatment to patients.
Before-and-after images of patient after eight treatments /COURTESY OF SKIN CARE PHYSICIANS OF GEORGIA
Before belting me in for a road test, Akhavan gave me a crash course on the tech. "Emsculpt essentially causes 20,000 muscle contractions in 30 minutes, constricting the muscles beyond any sort of physiological norm, and targeting fat loss to the area of the muscle — something sit-ups alone could never accomplish," he explains. "During these intense pulses, the muscles release chemicals locally, which are saying, 'Oh God, we are being way overworked; this is not normal.'"
They then signal fat cells in the area to break down their contents and release them as free fatty acids. The sheer abundance of fatty acids overwhelms the fat cells, causing them to malfunction and die, after which, they're metabolized by the body and excreted as waste. The muscles, meanwhile, are said to undergo cellular changes, thickening and strengthening (with the device's energy affecting the entire sheath of abdominals, from rib cage to groin.)
"It's a very rapid response compared to other fat-reduction tools where you're waiting months to see something happen," Akhavan says. "With this, even after a single visit, you'll notice the area looking better a day or two later." Four sessions, spaced a few days apart, is the recommended dose, with full-on wow results surfacing two to four weeks after your final appointment (figure $750 and $1000 each depending on where you live.) "You essentially get the same look and feel that comes from exercising and dieting for six months," he adds.
It's a very rapid response compared to other fat-reduction tools where you're waiting for months to see something happen.
For the butt, there's a separate protocol. It aims to build the gluteal muscles to round, pert effect without destroying any of the shape-enhancing fat in the area. Rumour has it, the company is currently engineering distinct programs for the arms and thighs, as well.
Yeah, yeah, yeah — but what does it feel like? According to the company: "Like an intensive workout." Except not, because you're lying down — not perspiring or panting or wishing for death to come, as one does during a killer sweat sesh. (Or is that just me?) Akhavan more accurately describes the sensation as "completely unnatural," adding that most everyone "gets a little scared at the two-minute mark," because it feels too wrong to be right.
More specifically, the 30-minute ab protocol cycles through three phases. The tangible difference between the first two is almost imperceptible, with the second being a smidge longer, and more pronounced than the first, as the machine is contracting the muscle "a thousand times in a couple of seconds" versus "a hundred times in a couple of seconds," Akhavan says.
Patient before-and-after images after four treatments /COURTESY OF BRIAN KINNEY, M.D.
The device launches this way, and then the doctor slowly dials up the intensity of contractions based on patient preference and tolerability. What feels like a subtle tightening of the muscles and some mild TASER-like tingles at 10 or 20 per cent intensity grows to an extreme gripping and upward pull with sharper zaps. You can actually see the muscles rise up from your abdomen, which, for me, was slightly reminiscent of late-term pregnancy, watching awestruck as my wild seven-pound boy somersaulted under my skin — really, really weird, as I mentioned at least a dozen times during treatment. I had to breathe through some of the waves, and found it hard to hold a conversation — and that was with me topping out at 50 per cent power. (Akhavan, now accustomed to the weirdness, starts most of his sessions at 100 per cent after a few minutes for ultimate payoff.)
The third phase of treatment is the most bearable, in my opinion; I welcomed the shift. What feels like a forceful tapping on the muscles results from a series of very slow, deliberate contractions (around 10 per second) designed to flush out any toxins or lactic acid unleashed by taxed-to-the-max muscles, "so there's no build-up, and none of the dangers of over-exercising," says Akhavan. And, truthfully, none of the pain either. I'm writing this 24 hours post-treatment, and feel zero discomfort.
You essentially get the same look and feel that comes from exercising and dieting for six months.
The safety of the magnetic mechanics underlying the device has been supported by numerous studies over many decades, the company says. "There have been no serious adverse events ever recorded with Emsculpt," Akhavan notes.
But it should not be used by those with metal or electronics (like pacemakers) inside their bodies, as it could heat up the former and short-circuit the latter. (For similar reasons, you need to keep your phone a safe distance from the paddle, which makes me wonder about all those sports-bra selfies. Regardless, bring a book.) And it goes without saying (I hope), Emsculpt is not safe during pregnancy.
No BS? With only one treatment under my belt, I can still pinch an inch to be sure, but my core does feel, dare I say, more solid. And strange though it was, I'd willingly go another round.
BY JOLENE EDGAR
This article first appeared in Allure.